Dr. Marco J. Castaldi

Contact

    • Personal:
      • Birth Date: March 19, 1970
      • Gender: Male
      • Citizenship: United States of America
      • Status: Married with three children
    • Education:
      • Ph.D. - Chemical Engineering, 1997, University of California, Los Angeles
        Advisor: Selim M. Senkan
      • M.S. - Chemical Engineering, 1994, University of California, Los Angeles
        Advisor: Selim M. Senkan
      • B.S. - Chemical Engineering, Magna Cum Laude, 1992, Manhattan College
    • Employment Experience:
      • 2012-present: Associate Professor, Chemical Engineering, City College of New York/CUNY
      • 2004-2012Assistant Professor, Earth & Environmental Engineering, Columbia University.
      • 2001-2004: Manager, Fuel Processor Comp. Dev., Precision Combustion Inc., New Haven, CT. Initiated the fuel cell fuel processor work in 1997. Principal investigator on NSF grants and commercial contracts with industrial fuel cell partners totaling $3 MM. Responsible for developing fuel processor components exceeding DOE’s PNGV 2004 targets for size, weight, response time, turndown, and durability. Focused on cost reduction of system and long-term durability. Interfaced with commercial customers for prudent and efficient design and testing.
      • 1997-2001: Research and Development Engineer, Precision Combustion Inc., New Haven, CT. Lead researcher on catalyst development for gas turbine applications using natural gas, biomass and liquid fuels. Responsible for $2 MM development program. Conducted demonstration tests at industrial partners’ sites on catalytic combustion devices for gas turbine applications. Introduced and developed analytical techniques using GC to further understanding of current reactor systems under development (catalytic and non-catalytic). Initiated and completed model development of PCI’s SCT substrate reactor which encompasses kinetic and transport fundamentals. Designed and conducted experiments to determine kinetics of lean liquid fuel catalytic combustion, the results of which have been incorporated into a proprietary model. Initiated and implemented unattended testing capability for catalyst life testing. Achieved the first 1000 hour catalytic reactor demonstration.
      • 1995: Internship at Sandia National Laboratory, Livermore California,Combustion Research Facility. Collaborated with research group to develop a REMPI TOF mass spectrometry analysis of co-flow hydrocarbon diffusion flames.
      • 1992-1997: Graduate Student Research Assistant, Department of Chemical Engineering, UCLA. Initiated work on PAH detection and understanding for hydrocarbon and chlorinated fuel rich premixed and diffusion flames. Conducted limited interdepartmental research in Fullerene experimentation and aerosol agglomeration.
    • Awards:
      • 2012: National Academy of Engineering – Frontiers of Engineering Symposium
      • 2010: ACS Environmental Division Best Paper Presentation
      • 2010: Honorary Professor: ChongQing University of Science & Technology
      • 2009: National Science Foundation CAREER Award
      • 2009: International Precious Metal Institute Student Advisor Award
      • 2007: Nominated for Dreyfus Foundation; Teachers Scholar Award
      • 2006: Columbia University, SEAS Distinguished Faculty Teaching Award
      • 2005: ASME, Gas Turbine Award
      • 2004: SAE, Nominated for the Max Bentele Award
      • 2004: ASME, Best Applications Paper Award
      • 2002: Manhattan College, Top 10 Engineering Professors
      • 1994-1997: USDOEd Fellowship, Pollution Prevention Committee
      • 1992: UCLA Center for Clean Technology, Arco Fellowship
      • 1991-1992: American Cyanamid Scholarship
      • 1988-1992: Amalgamated Lithographers Scholarship
    • Research Support:
      • Environmentally Significant Reforming Reactions Studied Using a
        Novel Catalytic Shock Tube

        National Science Foundation CAREER; 7/1/2009 – 6/30/2014
      • Greenhouse Gas Reforming
        Waste Management Incorporated; 1/1/2008 – 12/31/2009
      • Investigation into Biomass Gasification
        Electric Power Research Institute; 1/1/2008 – 9/1/2009
      • BASF Catalytic Reforming Program; 7/1/07 – 8/31/10
      • Reforming Undergraduate Education in Environmental Engineering: Urban
        Studios as Knowledge Delivery Systems and Vehicles for Service Learning

        National Science Foundation; 9/1/2004 – 8/31/2007
      • Investigation of the Use of Short Contact Time (SCT) Reactors for the Reforming of Scramjet Fuels
        Air Force Research Laboratory WPAFB;1/1/2007 – 6/1/2008
      • Investigation into Biomass Gasification
        Electric Power Research Institute; 3/1/2007 – 9/1/2007
      • Development of an Integrated Fuel Processing System for Logistical Fuels
        Alliant Tech Systems; 10/1/2006 – 6/30/2007
      • JP8 Fuel Processor Reforming for Fuel Cell Applications
        Office of Navel Research, STTR; 8/31/2005 – 3/1/2006
      • Autothermal Reforming of Greenhouse Gases – CH4 and CO2
        National Science Foundation; 3/1/2006 – 2/1/2007
      • Chemical Synthesis Investigation using Short Contact Time (SCT) Reactors
        Alliant Tech Systems; 2/1/2006 – 9/30/2006
      • Understanding the Mechanisms to Waste to Energy Combustors
        Integrated Waste Services Association; 1/1/2007 – 12/31/2007
      • Thermal Conversion of Waste Tires
        Integrated Waste Services Association; 1/1/2005 – 12/31/2006
      • Novel Approaches to Develop Greenhouse Gas Reduction Systems
        Energy Answers Corporation; 3/1/2005 – 10/1/2005
    • Society Memberships:
      • North American Catalysis Society; New York Metropolitan Section – President (2010-2011)
      • American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) – 2010 Vice-Chair, Research and New Technology Council (RANTC)
      • American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) – Sustainability Steward
      • American Chemical Society (ACS)
      • American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) – Editor; Solid Waste Processing Division Proceedings (2006-Present), Executive Committee; Treasurer (2010)
      • American Society of Environmental Engineering Professionals (ASEEP)
      • American Society of Engineering Education (ASEE)
      • Officer Tau Beta Pi Engineering Honor Society, New York Xi Chapter
      • Omega Chi Epsilon Chemical Engineering Honor Society
      • Epsilon Sigma Pi College Honor Society
    • Services to SEAS and to Profession
      • American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) proposal review board
      • President 2011, North American Catalysis Society, Metro New York Section
      • School of Engineering Dean’s Committee on Faculty Mentoring
      • Selected for The Programme of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities (111 program) Zhejiang University: China – 5 year visiting scholar position
      • Editorial Board Member: Waste and Biomass Valorization Journal, Springer
      • Executive Committee Member – ASME Solid Waste Processing Division
      • Plenary Lecture:International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3)Annual Conference (June 2007)
      • Keynote Lecture: Joint Conference American Chemical Society & American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Conference (ACS/AIChE), (April 2008)
      • Invited Lecture: New York Academy of Sciences – Carbon Management:Reducing U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Symposium (February 2008)
      • Invited Lecture:American Institute of Chemical Engineers & American Chemical Society (AIChE/ACS), Second Annual Energy & Resources Conference (December 2007)
      • Invited Lecture:University of Florida, Gainesville, Departmental Symposium Series – Environmentally Benign Energy Technologies, (November 2007)
      • Invited Lecture: Engineering Annual Fund Presentation, February 2008
      • High School Mentoring Program: Outreach to high school students to interest them in science and engineering – program attracts more than 50% women and more than 50% underrepresented groups (2005 – present)
      • Undergraduate curriculum development committee for Department of Earth &Environmental Engineering (2004 – present)
      • Chair, Graduate Program, Department of Earth & Environmental Engineering(2006 – present)
      • Chair, Earth & Environmental Engineering Seminar Series (2004 – 2006)
      • Director of Experimental Research, Waste to Energy Research Technology Council (WTERT) (2006 – present)
      • Academic liaison to ASME Energy & Environmental Research Division(2006 – present)
      • Member of American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) Research andNew Technology Committee (RANTC) – Environmental/Sustainability Steward (2005 – present)
      • Session Chair, 15th North American Waste-to-Energy Conference (NAWTEC),Tampa, Fl.
      • Consulted on high pressure methane extraction system project – WorldEnergy Systems, LLC
      • Reviewer for Industrial Chemical & Engineering Research, Environmental Science and Technology, Combustion and Flame, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Energy and Fuels, Chemical Engineering Journal, Catalysis Today, Applied Catalysis, Chemical Engineering Education, Fuels
    • Other Invited Presentations
      • National Institute of Standards and Technology “State of Catalysis; Real vs Experimental”
      • Plenary Presentation, 26th Annual International Conference Incineration &Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) “Current State of Development, Acceptance and Implementation of Controlled Combustion Technologies in the US and Worldwide”
      • Rowan University, Department of Chemical Engineering – Glasboro, NJ“Environmentally Benign Energy Technologies”
      • National Energy Technology Laboratories (NETL) – Morgantown, VA“Environmentally Benign Energy Technologies”
      • Adelphi University-Dept of Physics and Environmental Sciences – Garden City, NY“Environmentally Benign Energy Technologies”
      • Industries – Professional Seminar Lecture Series – Stamford, CT“Environmentally Benign Energy Technologies”
      • American Chemical Society (ACS) – Symposium on “Hydrogen from Renewable Sources and Refinery Applications” “The role of carbon deposition on precious metal catalyst activity during dry reforming of biogas”
  • Publications (CASTALDI, M. J.= research originated with me and/or publications with my students)Peer-reviewed archived journals
    1. Simson, A., Farrauto, R., Castaldi, M.J., Steam reforming of ethanol/gasoline mixtures: Deactivation, regeneration and stable performance; App. Catal. B: Environ, 2011 106 (3-4), pp. 295-303.
    2. Walker, M.E., Abbasian, J., Chmielewski, D.J., Castaldi, M.J.; Dry gasification oxy-combustion power cycle; Energy and Fuels. 2011 25(5): 2258-2266
    3. Klinghoffer, N.B., Barrai, F., Castaldi, M.J.; Autothermal reforming of JP8 on a Pt/Rh catalyst: Catalyst durability studies and effects of sulfur; J. Power Source. 2011, 196(15): 6374-6381
    4. Gruene, P; Belova, A.G; Yegulalp, T.M; Farrauto, R.J; Castaldi, M.J, Dispersed Calcium Oxide as a Reversible and Efficient CO2-Sorbent  at  Intermediate Temperatures, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2011, 50(7): 4042-4049
    5. Kohn, M; Lee, J; Basinger, M.L; Castaldi, M.J., Performance of an Internal Combustion Engine Operating on Landfill Gas and the Effect of Syngas Addition, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2011, 50 (6): 3570–3579
    6. Butterman, H.C.; Castaldi, M.J., Biomass to Fuels: Impact of Reaction Medium and Heating Rate, Env. Eng. Sci., 2010, 27(7): 539-555
    7. Barrai, F., Castaldi, M.J., “Experimental investigation of a JP8 Fuel Processor: ATR and CO-cleanup train.” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 49 (4), 2010, 1577–1587
    8. Castaldi, M.J., and Themelis, N.J., The Case for Increasing the Global Capacity for Waste to Energy (WTE)” Waste Biomass Valor, 1 (1), 2010, pp. 91-105.
    9. Kohn, M., Castaldi M.J., and Farrauto, R.J., “Auto-thermal and Dry Reforming of landfill gas over a Rh/γAl2O3 monolith catalyst.” App. Catal. B: Environ, (94), 2010, 125-133.
    10. Nakamura, M.R., Castaldi, M.J., Themelis, N.J., “Stochastic and physical modeling of motion of municipal solid waste (MSW) particles on a waste-to-energy (WTE) moving grate.” International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 49, (6), 2010, 984-992.
    11. Butterman, H. C.; Castaldi, M.J, “CO2 as a Carbon Neutral Fuel Source via Enhanced Biomass Gasification.” Environ. Sci. Technol., 2009, 43 (23), pp 9030–9037.
    12. Butterman, H. C.; Castaldi, M. J., “Syngas Production via CO2 Enhanced Gasification of Biomass Fuels”. Environmental Engineering Science 2009, 26, (4), 703-713
    13. Zhou, Y.; Castaldi, M.J.; Yegulalp, T.M., “Experimental investigation of methane gas production from methane hydrate”: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2009, 48, 3142–3149
    14. Xu, Cheng-Yuan; Griffin, Kevin L.; Blazier, John C.; Craig, Elizabeth C.; Gilbert, Dominique S.; Sritrairat, Sanpisa; Anderson, O. Roger; Castaldi, Marco J.; Beaumont, Larry.  The growth response of Alternanthera philoxeroides in a simulated post-combustion emission with ultrahigh [CO2] and acidic pollutants. Environmental Pollution, 2009,  157(7),  2118-2125.
    15. Eichelbaum, M, Farrauto, R.J. Castaldi, M.J., “The Impact of Urea on the Performance of Fe-Exchanged Beta Zeolites for the Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx I. Pyrolysis and Hydrolysis of Urea over Zeolite Catalysts” – Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2010, (97), 90-97
    16. Eichelbaum, M, Siemerb, A.B., Farrauto, R.J. Castaldi, M.J., “The Impact of Urea on the Performance of Fe-Beta Zeolites for the Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx II. Catalytic Studies’ – Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2010, (97), 98-107
    17. Castaldi, M.J; Zhou, Y.; Yegulalp, T.M.; “Large scale reactor results for the formation and decomposition of methane hydrates”, 2008, in-review – J. Pet. Sci. Eng
    18. Nakamura, M.; Castaldi, M.J.; Themelis, N.J.; “A 2-dimensional stochastic model for Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) particle mixing within a waste-to-energy (WTE) combustion bed” 2008, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, in review
    19. Kwon, Eilhann; Castaldi, Marco J..  Fundamental Understanding of the Thermal Degradation Mechanisms of Waste Tires and Their Air Pollutant Generation in a N2 Atmosphere.  Environ. Sci. Technol.  2009,  43(15),  5996-6002.
    20. Simson, A., Waterman, E., Farrauto, R.J., Castaldi, M.J. “Kinetic and process study for ethanol reforming using a Rh/Pt washcoated monolith catalyst.” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 89, (1-2), 2009, 58-64
    21. McLaughlin, N. M., and Castaldi, M.J, (2008) In-Situ Measurement Techniques in Catalysis for Mechanism Development, Chapter in Catalysis Series, Royal Society of Chemistry. RSC Publishing,  Ed. Spivey, J.J.
    22. Dorazio, L., Ruettinger, W., Castaldi, M.J, Farrauto, B.F., “Deactivation, Regeneration, and Stable Performance of a Platinum-Molybdenum-Rhenium Water Gas Shift Catalyst for on-Site Hydrogen Generation,” Topics in Catalysis, 2008, 51 (1-4), pp. 68-75.
    23. Zeman, F.; Castaldi, M., An investigation of synthetic fuel production via chemical looping. Environmental Science & Technology, 2008, 42, (8), 2723-2727.
    24. Kwon, E.; Castaldi, M.J, “Investigation of Mechanisms of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Initiated from the Thermal Degradation of Styrene Butadiene Rubber (SBR) in N2 Atmosphere”, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2008, 42, (6), 2175-2180.
    25. Kaufman, S.; Krishnan, N.; Kwon, E.; Castaldi, M.; Themelis, N.; Rechberger, H., Examination of the Fate of Carbon in Waste Management Systems through Statistical Entropy and Life Cycle Analysis. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2008, 42, (22), 8558-8563
    26. Castaldi, M.J; Kwon, E.; Weiss, B., Beneficial Use of Waste Tires: An Integrated Gasification and Combustion Process Design via Thermo-Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) of Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR) and Poly-Isoprene (IR). Environ. Eng. Sci. 2007, 24, (8), 1160-1178. (Invited Paper)
    27. Castaldi, M.J, (2007),”Removal of Trace Contaminants from Fuel Processing Reformate: Preferential Oxidation (Prox).” Chapter for Hydrogen and Syngas, John Wiley.  Eds. Subramani,V., Song, C., Liu, K.
    28. Barrai, F.; Jackson, T.; Whitmore, N.; Castaldi, M.J, “The role of carbon deposition on precious metal catalyst activity during dry reforming of biogas.” Catalysis Today 2007, 129, (3-4), 391-396.
    29. Butterman, H. C.; Castaldi, M.J, “Influence of CO2 Injection on Biomass Gasification.” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2007, 46, (26), 8875-8886.
    30. Castaldi, M.J; Barrai, F., “An investigation into water and thermal balance for a liquid fueled fuel processor.” Catalysis Today 2007, 129, (3-4), 397-406.
    31. Castaldi, M.J; Zhou, Y.; Yegulalp, T. M., Down-hole combustion method for gas production from methane hydrates. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 2007, 56, (1-3), 176-185, (Invited Paper).
    32. Castaldi, M.J; Dooher, J. P., Investigation into a catalytically controlled reaction gasifier (CCRG) for coal to hydrogen. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2007, 32, (17), 4170-4179.
    33. Kwon, E.; Castaldi, M.J, “An Investigation into the Mechanisms for Styrene-Butadiene Copolymer (SBR) Conversion in Combustion and Gasification Environments.” International Journal of Green Energy 2007, 4, 45-63.
    34. Dorazio, L. D. and Castaldi, M.J, “Autothermal reforming of tetradecane (C14H30): A mechanistic approach” Catalysis Today, 2008, 136 (3-4), 273-280.
    35. Lee, S.-H.; Themelis, N. J.; Castaldi, M. J., High-temperature corrosion in waste-to-energy boilers. J. Therm. Spray Technol. 2007, 16, (1), 104-110.
    36. Mohan, M. A.; May, N.; Assaf-Anid, N. M.; Castaldi, M.J, “Biomass as a sustainable energy source: an illustration of ChE thermodynamic concepts.” Chemical Engineering Education 2006, 40, (4), 259-267.
    37. Schiff, D. M.; Castaldi, M.J, “An affordable diesel exhaust particulate matter removal unit for developing countries.” Chemical Engineering Education 2006, in revision.
    38. Weiss, B.; Castaldi, M. J., “A tire gasification senior design project that integrates laboratory experiments and computer simulation.” Chemical Engineering Education 2006, 40, (3), 203-210.
    39. Smith, L. L.; Karim, H.; Castaldi, M.J; Etemad, S.; Pfefferle, W. C., “Rich-Catalytic Lean-burn combustion for fuel-flexible operation with ultra low emissions.” Catalysis Today 2006, 117, (4), 438-446.
    40. Smith, L. L.; Karim, H.; Castaldi, M. J.; Etemad, S.; Pfefferle, W. C.; Khanna, V.; Smith, K. O., Rich-Catalytic Lean-Burn Combustion for Low-Single-Digit NOx Gas Turbines. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 2005, 127, (1), 27-35. (Best Applications Paper Award)
    41. Roychoudhury, S.; Castaldi, M.; Lyubovsky, M.; LaPierre, R.; Ahmed, S., “Microlith catalytic reactors for reforming iso-octane-based fuels into hydrogen.” Journal of Power Sources 2005, 152, 75-86.
    42. Castaldi, M.J; LaPierre, R.; Lyubovski, M.; Pfefferle, W.; Roychoudhury, S., “Effect of water on performance and sizing of fuel-processing reactors.” Catalysis Today 2005, 99, (3-4), 339-346.
    43. Castaldi, M.J; Dorazio, L.; Assaf-Anid, N., “Relating abstract chemical thermodynamic concepts to real-world problems.” Chemical Engineering Education 2004, 38, (4), 268-271.
    44. Castaldi, M. J., Senkan, S.M., “Combustion.” In Ullman’s Encyclopedia, 6th Ed, Ullman’s, Ed. Ullmans: 2004.

    Publications as Industrial Author

    1. Smith, L. L., Karim, Hasan, Castaldi, Marco J., Etemad, S., Pfefferle, W. C., Khanna, V. K., Smith, K.O., “Rich-Catalytic Lean-Burn Combustion for Low-Single-Digit NOx Gas Turbines.” ASME Turbo Expo: Power for Land, Sea & Air; 2003.
    2. Lyubovsky, M.; Smith, L. L.; Castaldi, M.; Karim, H.; Nentwick, B.; Etemad, S.; LaPierre, R.; Pfefferle, W. C., “Catalytic combustion over platinum group catalysts: fuel-lean versus fuel-rich operation.” Catalysis Today 2003, 83, (1-4), 71-84.
    3. Castaldi, M. J., Roychoudhury, S., Boorse, R.S., Karim, H., LaPierre, R., Pfefferle, W.C. “Compact, Lightweight Preferential CO Oxidation (PROX) Reactor Development and Design for PEM Automotive Fuel Cell Applications.”, Fuel Processing Session I, Proceedings from  the 2003 Spring National Meeting and Process Industries Exposition, New Orleans, LA, March 30 – April 3, 2003; AIChE, Ed.
    4. Castaldi, M. J., Lyubovsky. M., LaPierre, R., Pfefferle, W.C., and Roychoudhury, S., “Performance of Microlith Based Catalytic Reactors for an Isooctane Reforming System.” SAE Technical Paper 2003, (2003-01-1366).
    5. Pfefferle, W. C.; Castaldi, M.; Etemad, S.; Karim, H.; Lyubovsky, M.; Roychoudhury, S.; Smith, L., “Catalysts for improved process efficiency.” 223rd ACS National Meeting, Orlando, FL, United States, April 7-11, 2002 2002, CATL-018.
    6. Castaldi, M. J., Boorse, Samuel, R., Roychoudhury, S., Menacherry, P., Pfefferle, W.C. “Lightweight, Compact, Ultra-fast Short Contact Time Preferential Oxidation Reactor for Automotive PEM Fuel Cell Applications.”, NSF National Meeting, San Juan, Puerto Rico, January, 2002.

    Publications as Doctoral Student

    1. Marinov, N. M.; Pitz, W. J.; Westbrook, C. K.; Vincitore, A. M.; Castaldi, M. J.; Senkan, S. M.; Melius, C. F., “Aromatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon formation in a laminar premixed n-butane flame.” Combustion and Flame 1998, 114, (1/2), 192-213.
    2. Marinov, N. M.; Castaldi, M. J.; Melius, C. F.; Tsang, W., “Aromatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon formation in a premixed propane flame.” Combustion Science and Technology 1998, 131, (1-6), 295-342.
    3. Castaldi, M. J.; Senkan, S. M., “Real-time, ultrasensitive monitoring of air toxics by laser photoionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry.” Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 1998, 48, (1), 77-81.
    4. Gittins, C. M.; Castaldi, M. J.; Senkan, S. M.; Rohlfing, E. A., “Real-Time Quantitative Analysis of Combustion-Generated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Resonance-Enhanced Multiphoton Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry.” Analytical Chemistry 1997, 69, (3), 286-293.
    5. Marinov, N. M.; Pitz, W. J.; Westbrook, C. K.; Castaldi, M. J.; Senkan, S. M., “Modeling of aromatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon formation in premixed methane and ethane flames.” Combustion Science and Technology 1996, 116-117, (1-6), 211-287.
    6. Castaldi, M. J.; Senkan, S. M., “PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon) formation in the premixed flame of ethane.” Combustion Science and Technology 1996, 116-117, (1-6), 167-181.
    7. Castaldi, M. J.; Marinov, N. M.; Melius, C. F.; Huang, J.; Senkan, S. M.; Pitz, W. J.; Westbrook, C. K., “Experimental and modeling investigation of aromatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon formation in a premixed ethylene flame.” Symposium (International) on Combustion, [Proceedings] 1996, 26th, (Vol. 1), 693-702.
    8. Castaldi, M. J., Senkan, S.M., “Formation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) in Hydrocarbon Combustion: Comparative New Results from Premixed Flames.” Combustion and Flame1996, 107, 141-150.
    9. Castaldi, M. J., Vincitore, A.M., Senkan, S.M., “Micro-Structures of Premixed Hydrocarbon Flames: Methane.” Combust. Sci. and Tech 1995, 107, 1-19.

    Peer-reviewed Technical Conference Proceedings – entire paper reviewed.

    1. Castaldi, M. J., “Solid Carbon Feedstock Gasification using CO2: Simulation and Experiment” Proceedings of the International Conference on Power Engineering-09 (ICOPE-09) November 16-20, Kobe, Japan, 2009
    2. Castaldi, M. J., Butterman, H.C., Kwon, E.Y., and Westby, K.J. “Solid Carbon Conversion (Biomass, MSW and Coal) via CO2.” Preprints – 8th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, Paper # 32 Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Aug 23-27, 2009
    3. Westby, K., and Castaldi, M. J., “A Comparison of landfill gas to energy technologies” Paper # 120. Conference Proceedings; International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) 28th, Air & Waste Management Association, Cincinnati, OH, May 2009.
    4. Kwon, E., Westby, K., and Castaldi, M. J. ” An Investigation into the syngas production from municipal solid wastes (MSW) gasification under various pressures and CO2 concentration atmospheres.” Paper #46. Conference Proceedings; International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) 28th, Air & Waste Management Association, Cincinnati, OH, May 2009.
    5. Castaldi, M. J. and Butterman, H.C., “Biomass to fuels: The impact of reaction medium and heating rate.” Paper # 57. Conference Proceedings; International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) 28th, Air & Waste Management Association, Cincinnati, OH, May 2009
    6. Nakamura, M., Castaldi, M. J., and Themelis, N.J., “Quantitative analysis of the flow, mixing and size segregation phenomena of municipal solid waste particles on traveling grate of waste-to-energy (WTE) combustion chamber” NAWTEC17, Proceedings of the Annual North American Waste to Energy Conference, 17th, Chantilly, VA, United States, May 18-20, 2009.
    7. Kwon, E., and Castaldi, M. J. (2008). ” An Investigation into the syngas production from municipal solid wastes (MSW) gasification under various pressures and CO2 concentration atmospheres. NAWTEC17, Proceedings of the Annual North American Waste to Energy Conference, 17th, Chantilly, VA, United States, May 18-20, 2009.
    8. Lee S-H., Castaldi, M. J., and Themelis, N.J., The Effects of Varied Hydrogen Chloride Gas Concentrations on Corrosion Rates of Commercial Tube Alloys Under Simulated Environment of WTE Facilities NAWTEC16, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 16th Philadelphia, PA, United States, May 19-21, 2008, paper#16-1916
    9. Kwon E., and Castaldi, M. J., An Investigation of the Thermal Degradation Mechanisms of Waste Tire Through Chemical Analysis Including Light Hydrocarbons, Benzene Derivatives, and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) at High Temperature NAWTEC16, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 16th Philadelphia, PA, United States, May 19-21, 2008, paper# 16-1914, p. 14-20
    10. Butterman, H.C., and Castaldi, M. J., CO2 Enhanced Steam Gasification of Biomass Fuels  NAWTEC16, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 16th Philadelphia, PA, United States, May 19-21, 2008paper# 16-1949, p. 32-36
    11. Kaufman S., Krishnan N., Themelis N. J., Castaldi M. J., Kwon E., Use of Statistical Entropy and Life Cycle Analysis to Evaluate Global Warming Potential of Waste Management Systems NAWTEC16, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 16th Philadelphia, PA, United States, May 19-21, 2008, paper# 16-1915, p. 85-90
    12. Zanes, M., Barlaz, M., Themelis, N.J. and Castaldi, M. J.,The Center for Sustainable Use of Resources: Quantifying Climate Change Impacts of Managing Wastes NAWTEC17, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 17th Chantilly, VA, United States, May 18-20, 2009 paper# 17-2356, p. 1-7
    13. Kwon, E, Westby, K.J. and Castaldi, M. J., An Investigation Into the Syngas Production From Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Gasification Under Various Pressures and CO2 Concentration Atmospheres NAWTEC17, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 17th Chantilly, VA, United States, May 18-20, 2009 paper# 17-2351, p. 30-35
    14. Nakamura, M., Castaldi, M. J., and Themelis, N,J, Quantitative Analysis of the Flow, Mixing, and Size Segregation Phenomena of Municipal Solid Waste Particles on Traveling Grate of Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Combustion Chamber NAWTEC17, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 17th Chantilly, VA, United States, May 18-20, 2009 paper# 17-2367
    15. Castaldi, Marco J.;  Hydrogen production from carbon-based resources: an experimental and modeling mechanistic investigation.    Preprints – American Chemical Society, Division of Petroleum Chemistry  (2008),  53(1),  43-46
    16. Butterman, Heidi C.; Castaldi, Marco J.  Executive summary: CO2 enhanced steam gasification of biomass fuels.    Proceedings of the International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems  (2008),  33rd (1), 615-616
    17. Castaldi, Marco J.; Dooher, John P.; Butterman, Heide.  Co-gasification of coal and biomass in slurry fed entrained flow reactors.    Proceedings of the International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems  (2008),  33rd (1),  459-470.
    18. Castaldi, Marco J.; Zhou, Yue; Yegulalp, Tuncel.  Gas production from methane hydrates.    Abstracts of Papers, 237th ACS National Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, United States, March 22-26, 2009
    19. Schiff, D. M.; Castaldi, M. J.. “Development of an Affordable, Simple, Robust Diesel Exhaust Particulate Removal Unit for Trucks and Buses,” Air and Waste Management’s 100th Conference and Exhibition, Pittsburgh, PA, June 26-29, 2007; Association, A&WMA, Ed.
    20. Weiss, B.; Castaldi, M. J., “Novel Integrated Process for Beneficial Use of Waste Tires: Generation of synthesis gas and electricity.” International Conference on Incineration and Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3), Savannah, GA 2006, (in press).
    21. Dorazio, L.; Castaldi, M. J., “ATR reforming of tetradecene (C14H30): a mechanistic approach.” American Chemical Society, Div. Fuel Chem. 2007, 52, (2), 470-471
    22. Nakamura, N, Castaldi, M. J., Themelis, N.J., “Numerical analysis of size reduction of municipal solid waste particles on the traveling grate of a waste-to-energy combustion chamber.” NAWTEC14, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 14th, Tampa, Fl. ASME International Tampa, FL, United States, May 23-25, 2006, paper #14-3193, p.125-130.
    23. Kwon, E.; Castaldi, M. J., “Thermo-Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) of combustion and gasification of major constituents of waste tires:  Comparison between Styrene Butadiene Rubber (SBR) and Poly-isoprene.” International Conference on Incineration and Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3); Air and Waste Management Association (AWMA): Savannah, GA, 2006.
    24. Castaldi, M. J.; Zhou, Y.; Yegulalp, T. M. “Down-hole combustion method for gas production from methane hydrate.” AIChE Spring National Meeting, Orlando, FL, United States, Apr. 23-27, 2006; AIChE, Ed.; pp 1-12.
    25. Castaldi, M. J.; Kwon, E., Thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) of combustion and gasification of styrene-butadiene copolymer (SBR). NAWTEC13, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 13th ASME International, Orlando, FL, United States, May 23-25, 2005, paper# 13-3149, p.19-27
    26. Kwon, E.; Castaldi, M. J., “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) formation in thermal degradation of styrene butadiene copolymer (SBR).” NAWTEC14, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 14th ASME International, Tampa, FL, United States, May 1-3, 2006, paper# 14-3188, p. 79-89
    27. Castaldi, M. J.; Jackson, T. “The role of carbon deposition on precious metal catalyst activity during dry reforming of biogas.”, 231st ACS National Meeting, Atlanta, GA, United States, March 26-30, 2006; ACS, Ed.
    28. Kwon, E.; Castaldi, M. J., “Investigation of Thermo-Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) on waste tires and chemical analysis including light hydrocarbons, substituted aromatics, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH).” NAWTEC15, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 15th Miami, FL, United States, May 21-23, 2007, paper# 15-3218, p.183-190
    29. Lee, S.-H.; Castaldi, M. J., High temperature corrosion resistance of different commercial alloys under various corrosive environments. NAWTEC15, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 15th Miami, FL, United States, May 21-23, 2007, paper# 15-3221, p.199-206.
    30. Lee, S.-H.; Themelis, N. J.; Castaldi, M. J., “Combating corrosion in WTE facilities – theory and experience.” NAWTEC14, Proc. Annu. North Am. Waste Energy Conf., 14th Tampa, FL, United States, May 1-3, 2006, paper# 14-3198, p.175-185.
    31. Stokes, M. O.; Castaldi, M. J.; Smith, L. L.; Karim, H.; Etemad, S.; Pfefferle, W. C., “Catalytic combustion as a pollution prevention technology to achieve ultra-low emissions in power generating ground-based gas turbine engines.” Hazard. Ind. Wastes 2001, 33rd, 222-232.
    32. Castaldi, M. J., Hydrogen production from carbon-based resources: an experimental and modeling mechanistic investigation. American Chemical Society, Div. Pet. Chem. 2008, 53, (1), 43-46.

    Technical Conference Proceedings – Abstract only reviewed

    1. Castaldi, M.; Lapierre, R.; Lyubovsky, M.; Roychoudhury, S., “Effect of water on performance and sizing of fuel-processing reactors.” Abstracts of Papers, 226th ACS National Meeting, New York, NY, September 7-11, 2003, FUEL-094.
    2.  Castaldi, M. J.; Kwon, E.; Weiss, B. “Waste tire conversion: Understanding the mechanism of decomposition,” 232nd  ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, United States, Sept. 10-14, 2006; ACS, Ed. pp PETR-126.
    3. Castaldi, M. J., “An investigation into water and heat balance issues for liquid fueled portable fuel processors.” Abstracts of Papers, 231st ACS National Meeting, Atlanta, GA, United States, March 26-30, 2006, PETR-050.
    4. Castaldi, M. J.; Dooher, J., “Biomass to hydrogen and electricity.” Abstracts of Papers, 232nd ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Sept. 10-14, 2006, PETR-123.
    5. Castaldi, M. J.; Dorazio, L., “ATR Reforming of tetradecane (C14H30): A mechanistic explanation.” Abstracts of Papers, 234th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 19-23, 2007, FUEL-117.
    6. Castaldi, M. J.; Kwon, E.; Weiss, B. M., “Waste tire conversion: Understanding the mechanism of decomposition”, 232nd ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, United States, Sept. 10-14, 2006, PETR-126
    7. Castaldi, M. J.; Jackson, T., “The role of carbon deposition on precious metal catalyst activity during dry reforming of biogas.” Abstracts of Papers, 231st ACS National Meeting, Atlanta, GA, March 26-30, 2006, PETR-037.
    8. Castaldi, M. J.; Dooher, J., “Biomass to hydrogen and electricity.” 232nd ACS National Meeting San Francisco, CA, United States, Sept. 10-14, 2006; ACS, Ed

    Patents

    1. Smith, L. L.; Etemad, S.; Ulkarim, H.; Castaldi, M. J.; Pfefferle, W. C. “Method and apparatus for a catalytic firebox reactor.” 6,174,159, 2001.
    2. Pfefferle, W. C.; Smith, L. L.; Etemad, S.; Castaldi, M. J.; Ul Karim, M. H. “Method and apparatus for a fuel-rich catalytic reactor.” 6,394,791, 2002.
    3. Smith, L.; Etemad, S.; Castaldi, M.; Karim, H. M. U.; Pfefferle, W. C. “Conduit positioner for a catalyst system for reacting fuel/oxidant mixtures.” Application #2002092212. 2003
    4. Smith, L. L.; Etemad, S.; Karim, H. U.; Castaldi, M. “Baffle plate for single flow channel reactors.” Application #2003053939, 2003.
    5. Castaldi, M. J. “Conversion of carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide in the presence of hydrogen with reduced methanation.” 6,746,657, 2004.
    6. Castaldi, M. J.; Lyubovsky, M.; Roychoudhury, S. “Method for Improved Selectivity.” 6,746,657, 2004.
    7. Smith, L. L.; Etemad, S.; Castaldi, M. J.; Karim, M. H. U.; Pfefferle, W. C. “Method for dual-fuel operation of a fuel-rich catalytic reactor.” 6,752,623, 2004.
    8. Castaldi, M. J.; Chandran, K. Methods and systems for generating hydrogen from a biomass. Applications #2007-US700332007, 2007.
    9. Castaldi, Marco J.; Chandran, Kartik.  Improved methane generation from biomass.    PCT Int. Appl.  (2008).
    10. Castaldi, M. J.; Dooher, J.; Lackner, K. S. Biomass and coal gasification process with combustion stage to provide a primary heat source. Application #2007123776, 2007.
    11. Zeman, Frank S.; Castaldi, Marco J..  Synthesis gas manufacturing by combined reforming and gasification with metal oxides.    PCT Int. Appl.  (2009)
  • Synergistic Activities:
    • High School Mentoring Program: Outreach to high school students to interestthem in science and engineering – program attracts more than 50% women and more than 50% underrepresented groups.
    • Undergraduate curriculum development committee for Department ofEarth & Environmental Engineering.
    • Director of Experimental Activities, Waste to Energy Research Technology(WTERT) Council.
    • Session Chair for New York Academy of Sciences Seminar – Energy For A NewCentury – Beyond Petroleum Alternative Energy Symposium.
    • Advisor to Undergraduate Research Internship Program (URIP).
    • Academic liaison to ASME Solid Waste Processing Division.
    • Member of AIChE Research and New Technology Committee (RANTC).
    • Session Chair, 14th North American Waste-to-Energy Conference (NAWTEC),Tampa, Fl.
    • Co-Chair of 33rd Mid-Atlantic Industrial Waste Conference, Riverdale, New York.

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