Biomass research at CCL is concerned with the thermal degradation of lignocellulosic feedstocks and their potential to produce fuels and chemicals. The studies include mass decomposition, gas evolution, kinetic analyses and mechanistic development. Different gasification environments have been investigated, with the observation of the distinct advantage of using CO2 at high temperatures to more thoroughly process the woods, grasses, and residues while offering the opportunity to incorporate CO2 into the fuel-making process.
Butterman, H.C.; Castaldi, M.J., “Biomass to Fuels: Impact of Reaction Medium and Heating Rate”, Env. Eng. Sci., 2010, 27(7): 539-555 (Abstract)
Butterman, H. C.; Castaldi, M.J, “CO2 as a Carbon Neutral Fuel Source via Enhanced Biomass Gasification.” Environ. Sci. Technol., 2009, 43 (23), pp 9030–9037. (Abstract)
Butterman, H. C.; Castaldi, M. J., “Syngas Production via CO2 Enhanced Gasification of Biomass Fuels”. Environmental Engineering Science 2009, 26, (4), 703-713. (Abstract)
Butterman, H. C.; Castaldi, M.J, “Influence of CO2 Injection on Biomass Gasification.”Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2007, 46, (26), 8875-8886. (Abstract)